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Definition of Terms

Career Academy     
A career academy is a school-based, “school within school,” business-driven model that integrates academic and career-related curricula with a small group of teachers who work as a team to plan and manage the program.

Charter School
A charter school is a public school that operates on a contract or “charter” with the Duval County School Board. Charter schools are freed from many of the regulations that govern traditional public schools, but they are accountable for academic progress and sound fiscal practices. Charter schools provide additional school choice options for students.

Choice Program
A choice program is a special program that allows students to participate in an educational opportunity that is not available in their neighborhood school. Choice programs also serve students who reside in the attendance area of a choice school.

Choice School
A choice school offers a special program designed to offer educational and vocational options in education for students. Students apply to attend a choice school that is not the neighborhood school.

Choice School with an Acceleration Program
A choice school with an acceleration program is a school that offers an acceleration program as its school choice option. A choice school with an acceleration program enrolls both neighborhood and transfer students.

Choice School with a Career Academy
A choice school with a career academy is a school that offers a career academy as its school choice option. A choice school with a career academy enrolls both neighborhood and transfer students.

Choice School with a Magnet Program
A choice school with a magnet program is a middle school or high school that offers a magnet program. A choice school with a magnet program enrolls both neighborhood and magnet students.

Choice School with a Special Program
A choice school with a special program is a school that offers a special program as its school choice option.  A choice school with a special program enrolls both neighborhood and transfer students.

Dedicated Magnet School
A dedicated magnet school does not have a specified attendance boundary; all students apply to attend and are accepted through a lottery that operates on a selection system based on choice and priority. All students participate in the magnet program(s).

High School Acceleration Program
A high school acceleration program offers highly motivated students the opportunity to earn college credits while in high school. The District offers AP Honors, Early College, International Baccalaureate (IB) Diploma Programme (DP) and Cambridge Secondary 2/AICE. The high school acceleration programs have been strategically placed in each quadrant of the city so that all high school students have access to one of the four programs. In some high schools, the acceleration program is also a magnet program.

Lottery
A lottery is the process used to select students for a magnet school and a choice school as well as for a charter school when the number of applications exceeds the number of available openings. The lottery for choice schools is called the “Special Transfer Option” lottery.

Magnet Program
A magnet program is a specialized theme that allows students to explore a special talent, skill, gift or interest. A magnet school can offer one or more magnet programs or themes.

Magnet School
A magnet school offers a specialized program or theme that is designed to attract students from other schools for the purpose of promoting or maintaining a diverse student population in all schools. Students apply to attend a magnet school that is not their neighborhood school.

Magnet Student
A magnet student is a student who attends a school that is not their neighborhood school for the purpose of participating in a magnet program.

Neighborhood School
A neighborhood school has a specified attendance boundary and serves students residing within the boundary. Every residence in Duval County has a projected elementary, middle and high school based on the residential address. Some neighborhood schools have a magnet or choice program that serves both the neighborhood students as well as students who apply to attend the school from outside the specified attendance area. .

Priority
A priority is a weight that is used in the magnet lottery and the Special Transfer Option lottery according to the applicant’s particular situations.

School within a School Magnet
Some neighborhood schools have a magnet program that operates as a “school within a school.” This means that there is a specialized program housed at the school that serves a specific group of neighborhood students and magnet students but not the entire student population of the school. These are primarily high school programs. Some “school within school” magnet programs are also career academies.

Special Program
A special program refers to a program that is offered as an attractor by a choice school.

Whole School Magnet
Some neighborhood schools that have a magnet program are “whole school magnets.” This means that all students who attend the school participate in and benefit from the magnet program regardless of being a student who lives in the attendance area or a student who comes to the school from outside the attendance area on a magnet assignment. These are primarily elementary and middle school programs.